Propaganda Project/ Research ; References&Activities

Propaganda Project/ Research ; References&Activities

1.

“Words n’ Clouds-News told by words, news shown in clouds.”

1.  2014-09-13 Thousands March Against War In Moscow, St. Petersburg  Posted on 23 September 2014

I found this interesting web site while researching. Title of the web site is “Words n’ Clouds-News told by words, news shown in clouds.” I haven’t really heard of the word ‘words cloud’ before although I was used to the images of it. I was very very impressed by text art pieces on the site thinking the word ‘words clouds’ was invented by this blogger but whoever first came a cross this concept, I became interested in it more as I do more research about ‘Words Clouds’.

Especially this particular site, how particular social and political issues are dealt, visualised with texts images; not only informing, but also visually attracting audiences///is fascinating to me. I think it would be worth looking into this blog since subjects I wanted to study in this first project of the term is closely related to it.

Actually I’ve always been quite negative about art pieces with texts because personally, I don’t really appreciate them, thinking they reveal their theme too obviously and easily just as the informative documentation would work, so that maybe it is not artistic? or aesthetic to be an art piece… Is that because I’ve become more interested in conceptual art ever since I started FA course? or this ‘Words Clouds’ satisfy my requirements/demands for aestheticism in art…..? I don’t know the answer but I should keep researching about it.

Screen Shot 2014-10-15 at 19.38.51

2. http://www.ohmynews.com/NWS_Web/View/at_pg.aspx?CNTN_CD=A0002043083

3. http://www.hani.co.kr/arti/society/society_general/659840.html

A short note the new project for the first term of this year;

What do I want to do? ;;; After researching about social issues (like the sinking of a South Korean Ferry and provocations by North Korea) mainly happening in Korea, I had a sense of shame, anger and lethargy (무기력함).  A whole society is like playing a mammoth performance, with a vast number of people.

For me, all the CONFUSION occurred in the process of finding out the TRUTH was interesting because there was too much of uncertainty, untruth, fake distracting achieving a task, common goal. Of course I felt a shame on the fact that not everyone can be honest and not everything we are told is real, truth but I am not telling that we should fight against those superstitions (가짜임). I understand the creation of the lies and concealment is necessary to maintain the society but still, being aware of the truth is important and valuable in my work.

The project would be continued from the previous work, which I made an imitation version of vase with broken pieces of the original; however, the whole middle part was missing, but still in the same shape of the original with metal supporting structure. The truth we believe, doesn’t necessarily need to be the faultless, PERFECT TRUTH. The reality we can access could be just the stories pretty close to the reality. Also I doubt everyone wants to deal with the reality even if they have a chance to find out someday.

2.

Action for stronger engagement in North Korean issues.

I recently contacted to the North Korean-non profit Newspaper Company with a head office in New Malden in London, in order to study more about North Korean propaganda.

1

Email/ Jinah Jeong to IFREENK Publisher.   5, Nov

 

ME: Hi, I am a South Korean student living in UK. I was not quite sure how to contact you and was very cautious about it but I decided to send it finally.

I am interested in Sociology, Human activities and their roles. Since I came to UK, I found out more about my country, South Korea, from more objective perspectives through Foreign Media and it naturally increases my interests about North Korea as well although I knew almost nothing about it when I was in Korea.

At first, I was shocked by reality of North Korean people struggling their life, under totalitarianism system and became interested in more specific issues. The world rapidly changes and I am amazed at raising attention on North Korean issues, as well as all the North Korean related TV programs introduced in South Korea. I am sensing that this is not just a matter of North Korean it’s own, but the significant matter that (requiring/demanding) a great deal of attention by South Korean people and perhaps, even people from all over the world because I believe that individual freedom is NOT guaranteed or protected in the most of democratic countries, not as much as people believe or wish to be. (even though North Korean’s case is far more extreme and dramatic than those other countries)

I understand World Media (or anyone out of North Korea) would show a pity on NK.

However WE are in fact, in a bit bigger cage than North Korean.

The belief that we are nothing same to North Korean with all the freedom is arrogance and misunderstanding and this is a result of propaganda.

I haven’t really even thought of getting involved in any thing related to the NK since it has always been too sensitive issue when I was in South Korea… but I am willing to help them if you don’t mind.

I cannot really explain exactly why I would like to be engaged with this matter but, I am really willing to know about North Korean issues more in dept.

I hope hearing from you soon.

2

REPLY

Hi. Thanks for your mail. I am glad to know that you are interested in North Korean issues. Please feel free to write anything. There is no reason it to be a problem. Hum… I am happy that you are willing to participate… honestly, there is nowhere like NK in the world.

North Korea is the worst country when it comes to Human Right, considering that there is always the least freedom guaranteed in every country. (Although there are some exceptions, allowing only restricted freedom under repressive dictatorship such as in Africa, Middle East and some Asian)

Why don’t we meet in person as you wish to have constant attention on NK matters. Let me know when you are available. Thank you.

-A representative of FREENK Newspaper-

=============================================================

A meeting, 8th, Nov.

I was told to come to the building, where one of biggest Korean supermarket in London is also in. The office was nothing special, apart from a little banner hanging on the wall, appealing North Korea’s Human right issue. Firstly he asked me why I would be interested in North Korean matters and why I seemed away too reserved once I contacted him through e-mail. I tried to explain my thoughts as clear as possible the reason why I felt nervous and WHY I would explore more about North Korea even so.

During about 30 mins talk, we talked about general issues of North Korea, in a relation to their system; propaganda and absolute power of the government briefly. Once he mentioned about an art exhibition held in North Korean Embassy at the early of November for a week, I was a bit excited as I already knew about it through lots of news, but short articles on internet were not enough foe me to solve my curiosity. North Korean artists were sent to UK in order to produce pieces of painting of random places in London in 4 days. Although foreign media seems to be surprised by their non-North Korean style outcomes without any ideology or propaganda represented, but only the ordinary landscapes around London in aesthetic form, WE(foreign media, even  common people like me) all knew it’s not truth. The propaganda this time, exists out of the painting; North Korean Government must be aware of heavy criticism on widespread human right abuses and tried to show how well North Korean people are treated through this exhibition.

………….Before leaving the office, he offered me online volunteer works for the FREENK newspaper and told me there would be some small group of South Korean people already helping him out, so possibly I can join in meeting sometimes. In fact, I yet feel little bit anxious participating in such community because I cannot still be free from negative stereotypes about North Korean community, which I have been educated to stay away from. But I would give a try for the better understanding on the issues I am interested.

An Art Exhibition at North Korean Embassy in London. 

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http://i100.independent.co.uk/article/north-koreas-embassy-held-an-art-exhibition-and-this-is-what-it-looked-like–gJQ_ior4Px

Screen Shot 2014-11-11 at 16.12.40

<img class=”alignnone wp-image-589″ src=”http://jinjeong.myblog.arts.ac.uk/files/2014/10/Screen-Shot-2014-11-11-at-16.12.40.png” alt=”Screen Shot 2014-11-11 at 16.12.40″ width=”253″ height=”368″ />http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/nov/04/inside-north-korea-london-embassy

http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/art/features/why-is-north-korea-holding-an-art-exhibition-in-ealing-9839510.html

–> Heather persuaded North Korea to authorize an exhibition of works from the Mansudae studio in Pyongyang, and organized a trip for a select number of its artists to create works in response to British culture. The trip has yielded results as rose-tinted as any propaganda poster – soft-focus scenes of children picking flowers or playing on the street. One painting depicts a dreamy, Impressionist-style snapshot of people on their phones outside a branch of Caffe Concerto in Covent Garden, London. It would most accurately be described as Jack Vettriano crossed with Thomas Kinkade for the Apple generation.

Oil painter Hong Song Il’s work, for instance, seems to be in the spirit of the Impressionists, which he denies. When I ask artist Ho Jae Song if any other artists – and any Western artists – have inspired him, he tells me that his sole influence is now himself. Hong Song Il adds that since being in London, he has not particularly liked or disliked doing anything.

The artists’ enthusiasm may be lost in translation but David Heather, too, seems vague when I ask what disciplines are taught at the Mansudae studio and what subjects, themes and styles underpin North Korean art as a whole. Through the door on the opposite side of the room, women dressed in white gowns shuffle across the hallway. When Heather tries to lead us in the same direction, a colleague from the embassy reminds him that all other rooms are out of bounds. The passage to the toilet, when I eventually ask to go, is precisely lined with more screens. A limescale-encrusted glass sink, discarded cleaning sponges and mismatched towels dispel any expectation of gold-plated luxury.

Although seeing as an official biography posted on the North Korean state website once stated that Kim Jong-il did not defecate, that could be why they don’t bother to clean the toilet. While a few female artists had been selected for the exhibition, they are conspicuously absent from the proceedings. Many of their works are exhibited on the screens in the hallway, which we are not allowed to photograph. Heather says he was keen to include women and thinks they have been fairly represented in the show, the real purpose of which, I must admit, remains unclear.

Before leaving, I ask Heather if he thinks he will receive a good turnout. “I had a dream,” he tells me, “of people queuing up around the street.” Perhaps that will come true, but maybe not for the reasons he hopes. While the North Korean art scene will interest some, many more will want to glimpse this slice of the secret state, tucked neatly away at the end of the North Circular.

 

20,Nov  Translating an Article. 

I was asked to translate an article by North Korean Residents Society on FREENK website to English.

fnk_1114_00011

북한을 탈출한 탈북민들이 전세계에 정착하는 사례가 늘고 있는 가운데 한국다음으로 탈북민들이 공식적으로 많이 거주하고 있는 국가가 영국으로 알려졌다. 비공식적이긴 하지만 1차적으로 탈북난민이 제일 많은 것은 중국이다. 중국의 탈북난민들을 돕고 있는 NGO 단체들에 따르면 현재 중국에서 숨어 지내는 북한주민들의 수는 10만에서 20만으로 추정하고 있다. 하지만 이것은 어디까지나 통계가 정확 치 않은 비공식 통계이고 공식적인 통계로는 2014년 6월 기준으로 2만 6천 854명으로 한국이 제일 많다. 그 다음이 영국으로, 작년 기준으로 619명이다. 이는 이미 영국 시민권자로 전환이 된 탈북민들은 통계에서 빠진 수치 이다. 영국 탈북민 대표조직인 ‘재영 조선인 협회’는 이 통계는 난민에서 시민권자로 전환이 된 사람들의 수는 빼고 순수 난민비자로 있는 사람들만의 수치라고 밝혔다. 영국의 탈북민 역사는 2004년부터 시작 된다. 기록으로는 그전에도 탈북난민들이 영국으로 유입된 기록이 있었지만 ‘재영 조선인 협회’에서 자체 조사를 실시한 바로는 모두가 중국 조선족 동포들이나, 중국한족들이었다. 지난 기간 중국 조선족 들이나, 한족들이 영국에서의 불법체류가 어렵게 되자 북한난민으로 난민신청을 한 사례가 많았다. 한족들 같은 경우에는 조선말을 할 줄 모르지만 어릴 때 북한에서 살다가 중국으로 부모님들과 함께 탈출했다고 진술하면 가능했다. 북한에 대한 정확한 정보가 부족한 영국정부로써는 중국 조선족 들이나 한족들이 북한국적으로 난민신청을 하면 별다른 검증 시스템이 없이 난민허가를 내리곤 했다. 2000년 10월 영국은 북한과의 대사급 외교관계를 천명하고 12월에 두 나라는 수교에 싸인을 했다. 이로부터 영국 이민국은 북한난민 신청자들에 대한 신원조회를 북한대사관에 의뢰했다. 하지만 주영국 북한대사관은 북한에는 난민들이 없다며 우편으로 온 탈북난민 확인 서류를 모두 돌려 보냈다. 이렇게 되자 사실상 북한주민에 대한 난민신원파악은 전무한 상태였다. 난민신원의 정확성에 대해 고민을 해 오던 영국 이민국은 2009년부터 주영국 한국대사관에 한국을 경유해온 탈북민들을 확인해야 한다는 이유아래 지문조회를 의뢰했다. 하지만 이것 또한 한국을 경유해 오지 않은 조선족 들이나, 중국한족들을 걸려낼 수 있는 조치는 아니었다.

North Korean news in Korean languageto Korean Language —>

 

Article:

How are defectors in the UK doing these days?

It turned out that England has the second most official number of North Korean defectors with the most assumed to be China. According to NGO (non-government organization) helping out North Korean defectors in China, the number of defectors hiding in China is estimated to be between 100,000 and 200,000 but, this is only unofficial statistics, South Korea has the most with the official announced figures of 26,854 in June, 2014.

The second country is England with 619 defectors in the last year, not counting those whom already acquired British Citizenship. The representative North Korean organization in UK ‘North Korean Residents Society’ added that only defectors who were granted refugee status counted in this figure. The history of North Korean defectors in UK began in 2004. Although there were defectors flowing into England even before, all of them turned out to be either Korean-Chinese or Han Chinese.

In many cases, Korean-Chinese and Han Chinese applied for refugee status as their Visa had expired in UK. Even some Chinese not speaking the Korean language were accepted once they claimed to live in North Korea from early age and moved to China. With the lack of information about North Korea, British government used to be generous in accepting North Korean refugees without any proper investigation system.

British government has clarified full diplomatic ties in October 2000 and formed amity with North Korea and since that British Immigration office requested identity references of defectors to North Korean Embassy. However, the Embassy sent posts back, denying existence of defectors from North Korea. As a result, North Korean defectors happened to be abandoned, not being able to prove their identity with no existing system in place. The British government then instituted a fingerprinting system for North Korean defectors through South Korean embassy in London but it still could not filter out Korean-Chinese or Han Chinese.

JungHaw Choi, the president of ‘North Korean Residents Society’ indicated that a cooperation on fingerprinting system between British and South Korean government could lead to preposterous consequences that allowing Korean-Chinese or Han Chinese people to take advantage of it, although the system could be useful to identify North Korean coming via South Korea.

Between 2007 and 2008, the most numbers of North Korean defectors flooded into the UK. Over a period of 2 years, almost 1000 defectors have come to England but nowadays it is less than 50 a year. ‘North Korean Residents Society’ assumed that today’s complicated processes for applying refugee status in UK, as well as more specific and realistic information about England could be reasons for reduction of North Korean defectors. The defectors with British Citizen Visa have the right to invite their relatives from other countries, marriage, freedom of travel and the full rights of citizenship.

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I started to look into more references with critical views of the society.

Not only in my own society (Korean), but also in BRITISH SOCIETY, or western society in general. I try to learn more about western culture by watching critical documentaries, films and reading books, although I have difficulties understanding those references with lack of knowledge on western history, culture and politics. (I had to pause films constantly to ask my friend what certain things mean in a particular situation, for clarification of meaning) I became depressed realizing how hard it is, understanding the new culture and history and even a sense of humor in different country!

First of all, I was impressed by Louis Theroux’s documentaries, freely talking about issues that could be a politically and socially sensitive in the society. I could imagine a person getting disadvantaged or stopped producing films if any one tried to talk about it in Korea as Louis Theroux did. Watching nearly all of his numerous documentaries reminded me a motivation for me to work on “Politically Socially engaged issues”in my art.

I wouldn’t know how to put all these exciting feelings in a neat sentence at the moment but I think I am getting more stranger motivation and confidence through finding companions who are not afraid of discovering ugly sides of the society.

Documentary & Film & Movies : Inspiration.

<Black Mirror>

British TV series, showing the dark side of life and technology. According to a director Charlie Brooker:

Each episode has a different cast, a different setting, even a different reality. But they’re all about the way we live now  –  and the way we might be living in 10 minutes’ time if we’re clumsy. —- If technology is a drug, and it does feel like a drug then what, precisely are the side-effects? This area/ between delight and discomfort/ is where Black Mirror is set. The title ‘Black Mirror’ / you will find on every wall, on every desk, in the palm of every hand: the cold, shiny screen of a TV, a monitor, a smartphone.

 

<Louis Theroux: TV presenter>

* Louis Theroux’s The Ultra Zionists 

Louis Theroux spends time with a small and very committed subculture of ultra-nationalist Jewish settlers. He discovers a group of people who consider it their religious and political obligation to populate some of the most sensitive and disputed areas of the West Bank, especially those with a spiritual significance dating back to the bible.

* Louis Theroux’s Weird weekends.

followed marginal, mostly American subcultures—

Often, his documentary method subtly exposed the contradictions or farcical elements of some seriously held beliefs.

 

The aim of the series is described by him:

“setting out to discover the genuinely odd in the most ordinary setting. To me, it’s almost a privilege to be welcomed into these communities and to shine a light on them and, maybe, through my enthusiasm, to get people to reveal more of themselves than they may have intended. The show is laughing at me, adrift in their world, as much as at them. I don’t have to play up that stuff. I am not a matinee idol disguised as a nerd.”

 

* When Louis Met…

* BBC Two specials.

* Books/// The Call of the Weird : Travel in American Subcultures(2005)

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4.

<George Orwell >

-Animal Farm – movie

DISTRIBUTED BY Hallmark Films
DIRECTED BY John Stephenson
PRODUCED BY Greg Smith

Robert Halmi

WRITTEN BY Alan Janes

Martyn Burke (teleplay)

George Orwell (novel)

– The original novel / by George Orwell.

 

George Orwell wrote the manuscript in 1943 and 1944 subsequent to his experiences during The Spanish Civil War. In the preface of a 1947 Ukrainian edition of Animal Farm, he explained how escaping the communist purges in Spain taught him “how easily totalitarian propaganda can control the opinion of enlightened people in democratic countries”. This motivated Orwell to expose and strongly condemn what he saw as the Stalinist corruption of the original socialist ideals.

Immediately prior to his writing, Orwell had quit the BBC. He was also upset about a booklet for propagandists the Ministry of Information had put out. The booklet included instructions on how to quell ideological fears of the Soviet Union, such as directions to claim that the Red Terror was a figment of Nazi imagination.

 

The source of the idea of setting the book on a farm (preface,1947)

…I saw a little boy, perhaps ten years old, driving a huge carthorse along a narrow path, whipping it whenever it tried to turn. It struck me that if only such animals became aware of their strength we should have no power over them, and that men exploit animals in much the same way as the rich exploit the proletariat.

 

It is not that easy for me to understand George Orwell’s novel “Animal Farm” with a lack of understanding of Russian Revolution and Spanish Civil War which are known to be the motivation for Writing a novel. However, when it comes to the story that all animals are personified as humans with particular characteristics, the behind theme of the work became more clear because all the propaganda, the majority people with control over the public and the way they maintain the society in a way they can easily take an advantage of, is not unrealistic story which would happen only in the book, rather, it is the phenomena, examples and the real story of our society. The more researches I’ve done, the more I cannot avoid believing that propaganda is prevalent in the society. It is only a matter of time for people to realize it and fight for the reality.

 

-Burmese Days

George Orwell’s first novel, inspired by his experiences in the Indian Imperial Police in Burma, Burmese Days includes a new introduction by Emma Larkin in Penguin Modern Classics.

Based on his experiences as a policeman in Burma, George Orwell’s first novel presents a devastating picture of British colonial rule. It describes corruption and imperial bigotry in a society where, ‘after all, natives were natives – interesting, no doubt, but finally … an inferior people’. When Flory, a white timber merchant, befriends Indian Dr Veraswami, he defies this orthodoxy. The doctor is in danger: U Po Kyin, a corrupt magistrate, is plotting his downfall. The only thing that can save him is membership of the all-white Club, and Flory can help. Flory’s life is changed further by the arrival of beautiful Elizabeth Lackersteen from Paris, who offers an escape from loneliness and the ‘lie’ of colonial life.

————————————————–

Homage to Catalonia

A firsthand account of the brutal conditions of the Spanish Civil War, George Orwell’s Homage to Catalonia includes an introduction by Julian Symons in Penguin Modern Classics.

‘Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for democratic Socialism as I understand it’. Thus wrote Orwell following his experiences as a militiaman in the Spanish Civil War, chronicled in Homage to Catalonia. Here he brings to bear all the force of his humanity, passion and clarity, describing with bitter intensity the bright hopes and cynical betrayals of that chaotic episode: the revolutionary euphoria of Barcelona, the courage of ordinary Spanish men and women he fought alongside, the terror and confusion of the front, his near-fatal bullet wound and the vicious treachery of his supposed allies.

Animal Farm

George Orwell’s chilling fable of Soviet Russia’s brutal dictatorship, Animal Farm brings to life in lucid, uncomplicated language the disastrous project of Russian Communism. This Penguin Modern classics edition includes an introduction by Malcolm Bradbury.

‘All animals are equal – but some are more equal than others’

When the downtrodden animals of Manor Farm overthrow their master Mr Jones and take over the farm themselves, they imagine it is the beginning of a life of freedom and equality. But gradually a cunning, ruthless élite among them, masterminded by the pigs Napoleon and Snowball, starts to take control. Soon the other animals discover that they are not all as equal as they thought, and find themselves hopelessly ensnared as one form of tyranny is replaced with another.

‘It is the history of a revolution that went wrong – and of the excellent excuses that were forthcoming at every step for the perversion of the original doctrine,’ wrote Orwell for the first edition of Animal Farm in 1945. Orwell wrote the novel at the end of 1943, but it almost remained unpublished; its savage attack on Stalin, at that time Britain’s ally, led to the book being refused by publisher after publisher. Orwell’s simple, tragic fable has since become a world-famous classic.

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Animal-Farm-Penguin-Modern-Classics/dp/0141182709/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1422102742&sr=1-1&keywords=animal+farm

5.

Examples of lies in Politic.

2015 New year’s Press Conference with 16 journalists from different media.

<1> Dailian News.

http://www.dailian.co.kr/news/view/481264/?sc=naver

The Press Conference, President Park’s Sincerity to communicate with public is shown – No prior Consultation, communication ‘In the raw’

Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 13.08.09

<img class=”alignnone size-full wp-image-612″ src=”http://jinjeong.myblog.arts.ac.uk/files/2014/10/Screen-Shot-2015-01-24-at-13.08.09.png” alt=”Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 13.08.09″ width=”498″ height=”300″ />

The New year’s Press Conference of president Park held without ‘Script’. This year’s conference is literally ‘The REAL’, considering the last years’ with suspicion of prepared script.

Started from 10am on 12, Jan /// Broadcast live over the country.

Question-Answer time with journalists followed by president’s 20minuets speech about plans for the new year; 3rd year in 5years presidential term in Korea.

The interesting point is the Press Conference was ‘the real question – answer’ which never been discussed or reconciled in advance.

Press corps with Blue House access permission agreed not to deliver question contents to Blue House and have never informed anything about ‘question sheets’, not even a hint.

Disengagement of Blue House to the conference had been suggested, once a Blue House spokesman Min said he hasn’t been informed anything about it (the sequence of questions for conferences) and only those 18 reporters would know as they planned in a briefing time before conference started.

‘Don’t you journalists already know in what order questions would be asked after discussion between you guys? I haven’t been informed anything about that’ once he was asked about sequence of question, in briefing time before the conference started.

It’s widely known that President Park has worked on overall plans for the conference by her self, without a help of secretaries and assistants. So it has been a commonly acknowledged even officers working for a Blue House had a concern for it, saying that the conference is highly dependent on president’s ability/capability.

In the actual conference, President Park has appeared to be a bit embarrassed by some unexpected questions.

In the comparison to clam attitude and voice tone in 20mins prepared speech, a sign of nerves was seen in the conference, such as little bit shaky voice and hesitation in between sentences.

Use of unusual expressions in public was easily found over the conference.

Some direct and blunt statements also made.

She appeared some unusual and hidden aspects by making a mistake, using some dialect once.

 

 

<2> Kuki News

 

http://news.kukinews.com/article/view.asp?arcid=0009030380&code=41111111&cp=nv

 

“Was is a show?” “Shall I guess what’s the next question?” The new year’s Press Conference is embroiled in controversy. 

 

 201501121925_41110009030380_1

Controversial arguments upon the Press Conference on 12 has been instigated online.

The question was posed when a journalist posted contents and sequences of the conference in real time, while the conference is live broadcasted on TV. Surprisingly, he knew exact contents of questions and even each journalist’s turn.

The public is quite upset online. The government doesn’t seem to be able to avoid such criticism.

 

Reporter Hyeon Woo Cho.

조현우 기자 / Reporter Hyeon Woo Cho. 

Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 13.03.25

이상 연구소 http://blog.naver.com/csesdh/220237744168

<3>

2014 script sheet for a New year’s Press Conference leaked out to the public.

Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 16.23.50  Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 16.23.12 Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 16.24.25 Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 16.24.07Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 16.24.45 Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 16.24.55 Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 16.25.29

Screen Shot 2015-01-24 at 13.01.42

–>  A screen shoot of news broadcast with the picture of a question sheet. (2014)

 

Translation

 

2)Let me ask you something quick.I know it’s inappropriate to ask about your private time in a Blue House but public is so curious about it. Could you talk a bit about your free time after work? We wouldn’t expect a boring answer like ‘I read a report’.

 

Apple Box Case.

The bribery incident/scandal/case involving a previous president caused a stir throughout the nation in 1996 in South Korea. 

<1>  Meaning of Apple Box in Korea.

https://mirror.enha.kr/wiki/사과박스

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사과를 담는 골판지 상자. 애플박스라고 패러디하기도 한다.
옛날에는 나무상자에 왕겨를 깔고 사과를 넣었지만, 요즘은 “스티로폼 → 사과 → 골판지 1장 → 스티로폼 → 사과 → 골판지 1장 → 반복” 방식으로 사과를 넣는다.

뇌물 운송수단 

이른바 코리안 매직박스라 불리는 마법의 상자. 진화된 버전으로 트럭에 실어 나르는 차떼기가 있다. 을 넣기에 적당한 크기이기 때문에 뇌물의 대명사가 된 물건. 금융실명제가 시행되기 전에는 차명계좌를 개설하고 적당(?)한 현금을 입금한 뒤, 통장과 도장을 건내주면 간단히 끝났지만 실명제 이후 쉽게 추적이 가능해져 뇌물을 전달하는데 곤란해지자 직접 현금을 담아 전달할 수 있는 수단으로 사과박스가 선택된 것이다. 일반적인 2kg 사과박스에 구권 만원권 2억 5천만 원이 들어간다.[1] 구권에 비해 신권은 1천만 원가량이 더 들어간다고 한다.

오만원권 지폐 발행 이후 위 액수는 가볍게 5배 늘어나 10억 이상이 들어간다고 한다. 사과박스에 만원권으로 5억이 들어간다는 주장도 있는데 아마 사과박스 크기가 다르지 않을까… 이 경우 5만원권으로 대체하면 25억이 들어간다는 계산이 나온다. 애초에 사과박스 사이즈가 한두개여야지
실험결과 사과박스보다는 배박스가 더 많이 들어간다는 결과가 나왔다.그런 실험 하지마! 하라는 공부는 안하고
일반인에게 사과박스의 뇌물 전달용 기능이 처음 알려진 것은 96년 전두환 비자금 사건 당시, 1만 원짜리가 가득 담긴 사과상자가 쌍용양회 경리창고에서 발견되면서부터였다. 그리고 뒤이은 97년의 한보 사태 때 정태수 회장이 부도를 막기 위해 유력 정치인들에게 사과박스에 현금을 담아 전달하는[2] 등 뇌물전달계의 왕자 자리를 지켜왔으나 02년 ‘차떼기[3]라는 비교가 불가능한 전달수단이 등장하면서 그 빛이 많이 바래게 되었다. 보니까 어차피 차떼기 안에는 사과박스더만 아직도 왕자네
재밌게도, 일본에도 이것과 비슷한 상징이 종종 있다. 같은 극동아시아 문화권이라 그런 듯. 다만 한국보다는 상자의 종류가 다양하게 쓰인다.  상자가 가장 대표적이지만, 한때 외화가 강세를 보일 시기에는 케이크 상자에 100달러 지폐를 채워 주는 경우도 있었다고.[4] 사이코메트러 에지에서는 양갱상자를 썼다. 심지어 사극에서도 황금이 담긴 상자를 건네주면서 의뭉하게 웃으며 “나리께서 좋아하시는 노란색 과자(山吹色のお菓子)이옵니다.”라고 하는 등, 유독 뇌물을 달달한 음식으로 돌려서 표현하는 클리셰가 있다.그 좋아하는 노란 과자를 녹여서 입속에 부어야 정신좀 차리려나 그리고 컨셉으로 한 화과자가 정말로 있다!대놓고 명절 선물과 뇌물에는 노란색 과자라고 선전하는 위엄
가끔 위장용으로 위에 사과를 깔아놓는 경우도 있었는지 사과상자에 진짜 사과가 있는 것을 보고 분노한 한 정치인이 운전기사에게 ‘이거 너나 먹어라’하면서 준 적이 있었는데 상자를 까서 사과를 꺼내보니 세종대왕님이 한 가득 있었다는 믿지 못할 이야기도 전해온다(…). 워낙 유명한 이야기인지 조정래의 한강에서도 나온다. 그리고 작중에서 말하기를. ‘어떻게 했을 것 같아?’ ‘어떻게 했기는? 요즘 세상에 그런 건 먹고 입 싹 씻는 게 기본 아냐?’
테마게임의 한 에피소드에서도 관련 개그가 나왔다. 한 부패 대기업 회장의 심부름꾼으로 일하는 남자 둘이 회장의 심부름으로 뇌물이 담긴 사과상자를 부패 정치인에게 가져다주게 되었는데, 중간에 실수로 진짜 사과가 담긴 상자랑 바뀐 것도 모르고 임무를 마친다. 그 직후 그 회장은 정치인에게서 전화를 한 통 받게 되는데, 아무것도 모르는 회장은 “아이고, 의원님, 보내드린 ‘사과’는 잘 드셨습니까?”라고 물었다가 되려 분노에 찬 정치인의 “오냐, 잘 먹었다!! 너무 맛있어서 아주 배터지게 먹었다!!!!!”라는 고함소리만 듣고 전화가 끊긴다.
주차장에서 까만 양복입은 사람 몇몇이 사과박스를 옮겨 싣는 것을 보고 박스를 훔쳐와서 까보니 진짜 사과라 절도죄만 추가하고 뉴스 탄 사례도 있다.
영화 《홍길동의 후예》 中. 성동일 최고의 연기로 꼽힌다.
사과박스가 뇌물의 대명사가 되긴 했으나, 사과박스가 없던 옛날에도 이와 비슷한 것이 있었다. 윤원형 항목에도 나와 있는 설화가 그 것. 어떤 무인이 변방의 장수로 임명받고 화살통을 상납하자 대수롭지 않게 여기고 내팽개쳐 두었는데 그 무인의 임기가 끝나고 돌아오자 그 화살통에 귀한 담비가죽이 가득 들어있었음을 알고 크게 기뻐하면서 더 좋은 자리를 줬다는 이야기다.

오래전 일이지만

 전두환, 정태수, 김현철씨 모두가 사과상자로

현금을 이동시켰기 때문이다.

사과상자 한개에는

 1만원권으로  2억원이 담기고  골프백 에는   1억원

007 가방 에도 1억원,  라면 박스에는 3 – 4 천만원, 비누상자에는

 4 – 5백만원 정도 담긴다고 한다.

[출처] 뇌물과 사과|작성자 화풍

 

6.

The News: A User’s Manual  a new book by Alain de Botton
2014. 1. 9.

Trailer for THE NEWS: A USER’S MANUAL, a new book by Alain de Botton. 

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The Agenda with Steve Paikin

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Alain De Botton – The News: A User’s Manual (Ideas at the House)

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